Skip to main content

APPRAISAL OF BUDGETARY PRACTICES IN GRANT-AIDED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTH CENTRAL, NIGERIA


ATTENTION:
BEFORE YOU READ THE CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!

INFORMATION:       
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420


APPRAISAL OF BUDGETARY PRACTICES IN GRANT-AIDED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTH CENTRAL, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT
This study was designed to appraise budgetary practices in grant-aided
secondary schools in North Central, Nigeria. Specifically the study sought to;
find out the extent procedures of budget preparation by the principals and the
bursars complies with school budget guidelines, determine the extent budget
estimates of principals are prepared in accordance with budget guidelines,
ascertain the extent budgetary provisions by principals are in accordance with
budget guidelines among others. Five research questions and four null
hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive survey design was employed. A 43-
item questionnaire was administered to 568 respondents, composing 284
principals and 284 bursars drawn from 284 grant-aided secondary schools.
Documentary evidences were used in order to obtain qualitative information on
the responses of the subjects. Mean scores and standard deviations were used to
answer research questions while the z-test statistic was used to test the null
hypotheses at 0.05 Alpha levels. The study found among other ones that
Principals’ budgetary estimates to a great extent follow laid down budget
guidelines. However principals and bursars disagreed on the proposition that no
expenditure may be incurred outside estimates except on the authority of a duly
signed warrant. The procedures used for budget preparation by principals and
bursars to a great extent comply with budget guidelines. The adequacy of
budgetary provisions by the principals to a great extent conform with the laid
down school budget blue prints, even though Board of Governors do not readily
approve alternative sources of funds sought for by principals. Principals to a
little extent use formalized monitoring strategies to ensure compliance with
budget provisions by the heads of departments. Factors that inhibit principals’
compliance with budget guidelines include; delay in budget approval by the
Ministry of Education and Schools Board, Principals neglect the opinions of
their subordinates in budget preparation, Principals do not make financial reports
available to heads of departments and heads of units after monitoring visit for
their future guide, officers who did not adhere to budget guidelines were not
queried. The inability of state governments to subsidize the cost of secondary
education affects budgetary practices of principals. Based on the findings and
implications of the study therein, the following recommendations are made;
Principals and bursars of secondary schools should be trained regularly on how
to adhere and comply strictly with the budget guidelines. Principals are to
monitor budgetary processes in their schools by setting up budget monitoring
committee among the members of the staff. The state Boards should ensure that
warrant of expenditure is issued to the principals at the beginning of every
session early enough to avoid financial discrepancies that could affect teaching
and leaning in grant-aided secondary schools.
15
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
The importance of effective budgetary practices at all levels of economy has
for long been the major concern of many educationists, economists and
politicians. This is because effective budgetary practices reflect the focus of
administrators’ expenditure and revenue for major development in any financial
year. Aguba (2009) believed that a budget is a financial blue print for the
operation of organization, including the school system, for the fiscal year. In
consonance with this, Ogbonnaya (2005) defined a budget as the financial
statement of the proposed expenditure and expected revenue of the government,
public corporations, or educational institutions for a particular period of time.
Budget, therefore is an itemized summary of estimated or intended
expenditures for a given period along with proposals for financing organizational
programmes necessary for the attainment of pre-determined objectives. Budget
is expected to control wastage and extravagant spending in grant-aided
secondary schools.
School budget is an established financial standard needed to consciously
guide the activities of a school administrator towards the attainment of the aims
and objectives of the school in a given fiscal year (Ayodele, 2006). This position
is in line with the United States General Accounting office report in 1998 when
it asserted that school budgeting had historically been the process of balancing expenditure with revenue to effect changes in spending, a process policy makers
HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK

PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).

HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#5,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to
08068231953 or 08168759420

(1)    Your project topics
(2)     Email Address
(3)     Payment Name
(4)    Teller Number
We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert

BANK ACCOUNTS
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Bank: GTBank.

OR
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 2023350498
Bank: UBA.



FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:
08068231953 or 08168759420


AFFILIATE










Comments

Popular posts from this blog

ADVERTISING AS A ‘’POWER TOOL’’ FOR BUSINESS GROWTH (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC)

ATTENTION: BEFORE YOU READ THE PROJECT WORK, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW. THANK YOU! TO GET THE FULL PROJECT FOR THE TOPIC BELOW PLEASE CALL: 08168759420, 08068231953 TO GET MORE PROJECT TOPICS IN YOUR DEPARTMENT, PLEASE VISIT: www.easyprojectmaterials.com www.easyprojectsolutions.com www.worldofnolimit.com ADVERTISING AS A ‘’POWER TOOL’’ FOR BUSINESS GROWTH (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC) ABSTRACT The study was on Advertising as a Power Tool for Business Growth. Advertising refers to any form of non-personal presentation or promotion of ideas, goods and services by an identified sponsor. The raison d’ taire of advertising is to create awareness of a product and to further stimulate brand preference. Therefore, its role in the pursuant of a company’s profit making objective cannot be over emphasized. The study used the Nigerian Bottling Co

EDUCATION ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS

EDUCATION ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ATTENTION: BEFORE YOU READ THE PROJECT TOPICS BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU! NOTE: WE WILL SEND YOU THE ABSTRACT, TABLE OF CONTENT AND CHAPTER ONE OF YOUR APPROVED TOPIC FOR FREE. CHOOSE FROM THE LIST OF TOPICS BELOW. SEND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS AND THE APPROVED PROJECT TOPIC TO ANY OF THESE NUMBERS-08068231953, 08168759420 WE WILL THEN SEND THE ABSTRACT, TABLE OF CONTENT AND CHAPTER ONE FOR FREE NOTE ALSO: WE CAN ALSO DEVELOP THE FULL PROJECT WORK CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420 EDUCATION ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND PEER GROUP ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS: CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SCHOOLS IN IJEBU-ODE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE AN ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLASS SIZE AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS  INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL ENVIRONM

MANPOWER TRAINING AS AN AID TO MANAGEMENT IN BUSINESS ENTERPRISES

ATTENTION: BEFORE YOU READ THE PROJECT WORK, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW. THANK YOU! TO GET THE FULL PROJECT FOR THE TOPIC BELOW PLEASE CALL: 08168759420, 08068231953 TO GET MORE PROJECT TOPICS IN YOUR DEPARTMENT, PLEASE VISIT: www.easyprojectmaterials.com www.easyprojectsolutions.com www.worldofnolimit.com MANPOWER TRAINING AS AN AID TO MANAGEMENT IN BUSINESS ENTERPRISES ABSTRACT This research work is focused on manpower training as an aid to management in business enterprises using four firms as a case study. It has been observed that a major problem confronting organizations in this present dispensation is the fact that productivity of workers is low. In order to improve on the productivity of workers and their efficiency, they need to be properly trained and utilized for the purpose which they serve. This therefore calls for proper training of emp