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EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS




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EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this research work is to find out the causes and consequences of examination malpractice in secondary school, using some selected Secondary Schools in Ughelli North Local Government Area as a case study. A total of 100 students were used on this study. The instrument used for collection of data from them as the questionnaire and records of students who have been punished either by expulsion or warning their class. The generated data were analyzed using simple percentages. The findings of the study are as following, recommendations are made. More teachers should be employed so that during examination, the different rooms and hall will have more invigilators. The teachers should teach the students; about reading skills to enable them develop good reading habits. The management should endeavour to build more large halls. Course system should be introduced in secondary school. The educational system should be restructured to provide for a smooth transition. Less emphasis should as from now be accorded paper qualifications owners.
TABLE OF CONTENT:
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1     Background of the Study
1.2     Statement of the Research Problem
1.3     Objectives of the Study
1.4     Significance of the Study
1.5     Research Questions
1.6     Research Hypothesis
1.7     Conceptual and Operational Definition
1.8     Assumptions
1.9     Limitations of the Study

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1     Sources of Literature
2.2     The Review
2.3     Summary of Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1     Research Method
3.2     Research Design
3.3     Research Sample
3.4     Measuring Instrument
3.5     Data Collection
3.6     Data Analysis
3.7     Expected Result
CHAPTER FOUR
DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
4.1     Data Analysis
4.2     Results
4.3     Discussion
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1     Summary
5.2     Recommendations for Further Study
Bibliography
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1      BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
There is evidence in the literatures that examination are some of the controversial issues in education today because of their nature, they attract many critics some of these critics think that less emphasis should be placed or laid on examination while others advocated understanding of subject rather than recourse to examination.
Also examinations are known to play very important role in our education system. According to Ojerinde in Oyechere (1996), examination is a formal test of somebody knowledge, skills or ability in a particular subject especially by means of oral or written questions or practical exercise. According to Liman, (1996) examination is a means of testing student’s knowledge and competence. To Ahmed (1996) examination is any act of wrongdoing or neglect that contravenes the rules and regulations of acceptable practice before, during and after an examination by any after an examination by any reason. In all countries of the world examination, which are in reality and frequently in name also competitions designed to eliminate the majority of candidate and allocate the remainder to certain known vacancies.
The most important quality of examination is used to determine pass or fail of students or group students in a school. This is necessary because I the opinion of Ahmed history seem to support the views that setting students against one another in trial and competition has always been repeatable means of inviting them zeal. Students who knows that he might fail an examination which will in turn determines his progress or promotion will strive to pass. Examination is also used academically for assigning grades to student’s secondary schools, we find students being places in division one, two and three or distinction credit and respectively determined through an examination. In the universities also, students are stratified into first, second, (Upper and Lower) or third class degree having gone through an examination. These grades are measure of success and prestige students with a division one pass in school certificate examination will be retained by those around him as academically precious, he is also likely to have a place in institutions of higher learning or in job situation with the society easier than students with a division three pass. All these candidates have combined to influence a student’s attitude to an examination, which always culminates in an urge for success in any particular examination on whether or not he had prepared for it.
Examinations are also used for other functions. According to Senekan (1996), examination is irregularities, which are premeditated and perpetuated by the candidates or their agents with the intension of gaining undue advantage in the examination. They are designed as a basis for licensing. An example according to Senekan is the drilling test no one so far wishes to part a limit to the number of drives on the road or to set motorist completing against to knock out all bet a small pre-determined quantities of top-grade performance. The authorities have every desire to ensure that those who handled cab are capable of doing so with at least a minimum of efficiency. All licensing examination is a means of screening undesirable, so as to make life safer for many of our roads. Results are governed not by an absolute standard and performance but by the level of competence of the competitions and in the last sort. Civil Servant by the number of posts to be filled in Delta State school system, the students have to fall series of the ought in educational circles and hence the need of this work.     
1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Around the nation today a lot, of people have been it discuss on the issue of the fallen standard of education. People have the notion that the fallen standard of education can be traced to examination malpractice hence the aim of this research is to find the causes and consequences of this menace called examination malpractices especially in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State.
1.3     PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to find out the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools especially, secondary schools in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State, various methods employed by students as well as the roles by teachers, parents, secondary school authorities and the society at large.  
1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1.          What are the consequences of examination malpractice?
2.          Why do student engage in examination malpractice?
3.          What methods do the students use in carrying out the examination malpractice?
4.          What are the contributions of teachers towards encouraging examination?
5.          Does unconducive learning environment propel students into examination malpractice?  
1.5   HYPOTHESIS
        The following hypotheses were drawn for this study;
1.  There is no significant consequence between students who engaged in examination malpractices and those who do not.
2.  There is no significance contribution of teachers to the major problem of examination malpractice
3.  Unconducive learning environment does not lead or propel students into examination malpractice.
4.  Inadequate provision of instruction materials does not push students into examination malpractice. 
1.6   SCOPE OF DELIMITATION
The researcher concentrated on Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State. These are the name of the schools;
1.          Orogun Grammar School Orogun
2.          Anglican Girls Grammer School, Ughelli
3.          Government College Ughelli
4.          Otor-vwodo Grammar School Ughelli
5.          Ojowe Secondary ScholOrogun
6.          Standard International School, Ughelli.
1.7   SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
It is of great importance to note that at the completion of this research work, various secondary schools, communities, towns, state and Nigeria in general will find the result of this research work to be beneficial to a great extent, this research work would play an essential role in the standard of education and in the task of economic growth and development. The result from this research work will also provide an ample opportunity for parents to be aware of what role they must play in order to prevent their children from being engaged in examination malpractice.













 
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