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A STUDY OF PROBLEMS FACING VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE
Vocational Technical Education is a sine qua non to any nation who wishes to be self-reliant, self-sufficient and industrialized, therefore any identifiable problem to its progress needs greater attention.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page: i
Table of content:
1.2 Background of study:
1.3 Statement of problem:
1.4 Purpose of study:
1.5 Significance of study:
1.6 Research questions:
CHAPTER TWO; REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.2 Meaning of vocational technical education:
2.3 Development of vocational technical education:
2.4 Roles of vocational technical education in Nigeria:
2.5 Problems of vocational technical education:
2.6 Way forward to vocational technical education problems:
CHAPTER THREE; RESEARCH METHODOGY
3.1 Design of study:
3.2 The population of study:
3.3 The sample of study:
3.4 Method of sampling:
3.5 Instrument for data collection:
3.6 Validation of instrument:
3.7 Procedure of data collection:
3.8 Method of data analysis:
CHAPTER FOUR; DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1 Research question 1:
4.2 Research question 2:
4.3 Research question 3:
4.4 Research question 4:
4.5 Research question 5:
CHAPTER FIVE; DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
5.1 Discussion of findings:
5.2 Educational implication of study:
In most countries of the world vocational technical education has been given a pride of place, because of the realization of its importance in the economic growth and well being of any Nation. For any nation to be self reliant and self sufficient its educational programmes must have been properly planned and necessary facilities provided to enable the attainment of programmes goals.
The current issues of concern in vocational technical education in Nigeria particularly in Enugu state college of education technical is the standard of the institution. To this end, Nigeria is channeling more efforts towards the development of technology since there seems to be a positive relationship between a nation’s state of economy and a nation’s state of technology.
Hence Ozoro (1982) stated that “scientific and technological man-power developments should not be left to evolve by change in modern economics as national well being is hinged or dependent on properly calculated technical plans”. For real the standard of vocational technical education in Enugu state is issue of concern.
1.2 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Vocational technical education in Nigeria is a pre-requisite for over all social, economic and scientific/technological development. Its importance in the nation’s development can not be over emphasize. This is a result of its positive impact in a nation’s building like reduction of unemployment rate, provision of needed skill and knowledge, increase in the production of goods and services, reduces dependence on foreign expertise, encourages foreign investment, increase in foreign exchange earnings etc.
Nigeria, the largest black nation in the world is endowed with such natural resources as crude oil, bauxite, valuable trees, limestone, rubber, tin ore etc. which can be harnessed for the upliftment of the social and economic life of the people. In order to fully tap and harness these resources Nigerians must of a necessity, be groomed, educated and empowered in the direction of vocational and technical education. For this reason the federal republic of Nigeria, in the national policy on education (1981) revised envisage for Nigeria a nation which is strong, self-reliant and a dynamic economy as three of the best national objectives for which vocational technical education makes some contributions.
Inspite of all the position impact of vocational technical education in nation’s building, vocational technical education in Nigeria particularly in Enugu state college of education (technical) is still facing some problems which imposed questions in the minds of the students, lecturers and the people of Enugu state like: what could be responsible for the problems? And how do we solve the problems? In question one above the majority are of the opinion ranging from government policy to lack of equipment.
This research is designed specifically to find out the major problems confronting vocational technical education in Nigeria particularly in Enugu state college of education (technical) Enugu.
1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLE
This research topic was chosen by the researchers to investigate the “problems facing vocational technical education in Nigeria (a case study of Enugu state collage of education (technical)” due to the complaints from students, lecturers and the people of Enugu state on the low standard of vocational technical education in Enugu state.
This problem puzzles the minds of the students, lecturers and all concern citizens and imposed questions to them as: could it be that governments do not know the importance of vocational technical education in nation’s development? This situation has generated a lot debate, concern and quarries especially among educators, students and parents. The foregoing situation was recognized by government when the need for the standardization of vocational technical education gathered more momentum.
This research is hope to find out the major problems facing vocational education in Nigeria particularly in Enugu state college of education (technical) Enugu.
1.4 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The major aim of this study is to identify the problems that are currently facing vocational technical education in Nigeria particularly Enugu state college of education (technical) ESCET Enugu. Precisely, the research is designed to
i. Find out whether unavailability of equipment and non-functionable workshop really hinder the progress of vocational technical education in Enugu state college of education (technical) Enugu.
ii. Find out the level which poor societal attitude has developed a problem that hinder the progress of vocational technical education in Enugu state college of education (technical) Enugu.
iii. Find out the extent to which inadequate funding constituted a problem to the development of vocational technical education in Enugu state college of education (technical) Enugu.
iv. Find out the reasons behind low level of students enrolment in the available courses offered in Enugu state college of education (technical) Enugu.
v. Find out the reasons behind inadequate vocational technical education in Enugu state college of education (technical) Enugu.
vi. It also intend to find out the degree to which government policy has constituted a problem to vocational technical education in Enugu.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The findings of this research if made available to lecturers, students and the people of Enugu state, it will promote positive attitude towards vocational technical education in Enugu state. It will also made the society to appreciate the roles of vocational technical education in nation’s building or economic development of the country particularly in Enugu state.
Finally the researchers will make lecturers and students of Enugu state college of education technical to see reasons behind the hindering of Enugu state college of education technical’s progress and equally find solution to the problem.
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The questions in this research were formulated to aid the investigators in their investigation. The questions are as follow:
i. At what level does inadequate equipment and workshop material develop a problems to ESCET?
ii. To what extent does poor societal attitude constituted a problem to vocational technical education in Enugu state?
iii. At what degree does inadequate funding develop a problem to vocational technical education in Nigeria particularly ESCET Enugu?
iv. To what extent does inadequate vocational technical teachers constituted a problem in ESCET?
v. To what extent does government policies and programmes develop a problems to Enugu state college of education technical?
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